She summons Helen there to minister to her wounded lord. The masculine one-on-one fighting of epic is manifested in phalanx fighting on the emphasis of holding one's position in formation. Due to his stubbornness, Achilles has now lost the respect of the men that once worshipped him like a god.
Scholars conclude that in the second half of the sixth century b. Date and textual history[ edit ] Further information: James Armstrong reports that the poem's formulae yield richer meaning because the "arming motif" diction—describing Achilles, Agamemnon, Paris, and Patroclus—serves to "heighten the importance of The Trojan army comes from the gates of the city ready to combat the Greeks.
Thetis goes to Mount Olympus and persuades the god Hephaestus to forge Achilles a new suit of armor, which she presents to him the next morning.
Nestor tells him to awaken all the great warriors and summon them to a council. Although this is a noble statement, Achilles answers more out of anger and haste. On the field of battle, Achilles's rage is unstoppable. Pride, after all, is not so uncommon a flaw as to be unfamiliar to the reader, and we have all made mistakes—even drastic ones—that we regret yet have difficulty admitting.
The epic's proper subject is the wrath of Achilles and its tragic consequences, but it also explores such themes as the workings of fate, honor, and the human urge toward immortality.
But the counterattack soon falters. This overall depiction of war runs contrary to many other[ citation needed ] ancient Greek depictions, where war is an aspiration for greater glory.
Patroclus is a fine warrior, and his presence on the battlefield helps the Achaeans push the Trojans away from the ships and back to the city walls.
There are very few mortal females who play important roles in the epic.
There Telamonian Ajax struck down the son of Anthemion, Simoeisios in his stripling's beauty, whom once his mother descending from Ida bore beside the banks of Simoeis when she had followed her father and mother to tend the sheepflocks.
Hephaestus fulfills the request, creating an outstanding shield that symbolically depicts a city at peace and a city besieged in war.
Zeus then remembers his promise to Achilles to avenge the wrong done to him by Agamemnon. If you choose this method, please print out our order form and send it along with your payment to our corporate address: There are no clear winners in The Iliad. Therefore they called him Simoeisios; but he could not render again the care of his dear parents; he was short-lived, beaten down beneath the spear of high-hearted Ajax, who struck him as he first came forward beside the nipple of the right breast, and the bronze spearhead drove clean through the shoulder.
After plunging his spear into Patroclus, Hector mocks the orders of Achilles: But first, his mother, Thetis, visits Hephaestus, blacksmith to the gods, and asks that he forge a new set of armor for Achilles.
This is even later referred to by Homer in the Odyssey. The Iliad offers insight into the mentality of men who are driven by greed, lust, anger, and revenge—themes that will run throughout the course of history until this very day.
Thereafter, Zeus decides to set his plan for a reversal of Greek fortunes into motion.Homer research papers discuss the Greek author's works such as The Iliad and The Odyssey. Research papers on Homer can look at the works of literature attributed to him, such as the Odyssey or the Illiad, or the project can examine the historical or cultural time-frame in which his works were said to be written.
A short summary of Homer's The Iliad. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of The Iliad. Egypt's Burial Rites and Homer's 'The Iliad' In three pages this paper examines the events presented in Homer's epic in comparison with the burial rituals of Egypt in a consideration of Sarpedon and Hektor's heroic burial rites.
The Iliad was a standard work of great importance already in Classical Greece and remained so throughout the Hellenistic and Byzantine periods. Subjects from the Trojan War were a favourite among ancient Greek dramatists. The Iliad, like all great works of art, is of continued relevance because it deals with universal themes.
The characters in the poem may have, what seem to us, strange names; their codes of honor. Homer Iliad Analysis - The Iliad's Ending. My Account. Essay on The Iliad's Ending. Essay on The Iliad's Ending Book XXII and XXIV discuss the events of Hector's death and burial emphasized by Achilles actions, while Book XXIII provides a transition between the two.
- One of the most compelling topics The Iliad raises is that of the.Download